The Consequence of the Legal Application of Forest Area Defense Principles and Approval Principles

Berliane Rezty Anggriheny, Regina Yusticia Nababan

Abstract


Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation is believed to be able to save Indonesia because it is considered to be able to create jobs, assist small business actors, streamline regulations in terms of numbers and simplify regulations to make them more targeted. On the other hand, the job creation law is considered to be detrimental to many groups, such as workers such as laborers, fishermen, and farmers who are also considered to only provide benefits to entrepreneurs. Law Number 11 of 2020 with new rules and amendments to Article 18 and Article 19 of Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry. In Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry, it is regulated that changes in the allocation and function of forest areas are determined by the Government based on the results of integrated research. Second, the area offorest that must be maintained is at least 30% (percent) of the area of river watersheds and/or islands with a proportional distribution. However, in the Job Creation Law the minimum figure of 30% (thirty percent) is no longer mentioned in the amendment article and the abolition of provisions related to the DPR’s authority in giving approval for the transfer of functions/changes in forest areas. This paper aims to find out the principles that have been violated and the legal consequences of applying the article. The research method used in this research is the type of normative legal research. The results of this study indicate that there are deviations from the land principle and the principle of consent which can cause the norms contained in Article 18 paragraph (2) and Article 19 paragraph (2) of Law Number 11 of 2020 to be less enforceable. The abolition of the minimum area of forest area and the abolition of the DPR’s authority to approve the transfer of functions/changes to forest areas, will have the potential to provide greater opportunities for deforestation.


Keywords


Principles; Norms; Forestry

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32801/lamlaj.v6i2.256

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.32801/lamlaj.v6i2.256.g241

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