Measuring Indonesia's Commitment to Reducing Plastic Waste in the Sea Through A Legal Approach

Muhammad Insan Tarigan


Indonesia is the second-largest producer of plastic pollution in the world after China. Based on the data in 2018, there were about 1.29 million tonnes plastic waste end up in the ocean per annum. With that regard, Indonesia needs to be responsible for the negligence in doing the international obligation to prevent, reduce, and manage the pollution that affect marine environment. The purpose of this research is to observe Indonesia’s commitment in reducing plastic pollution on marine environment by doing some legal approach. Therefore, this research conducted by normative juridical and using descriptive analysis. Data analysis that obtained is done through literature study. The conclusion of this research is that the commitment of Indonesian Government on preventing plastic waste in marine environment relatively needs to be improved. There are some of regulations which already targeted that has not established yet by Indonesian Government.


Plastic Pollution; Ocean; Legal Approach; Indonesia’s Commitment

Full Text:




Environmental Law Institute. Marine Litter Legislation: A Toolkit for Policymakers. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme, 2016.

Gamaralalage, Premakumara Jagath Dickella, and Kazunobu Onogawa. Strategies to Reduce Marine Plastic Pollution from Land-Based Sources in Low and Middle - Income Countries. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), 2019.

Hugo, Torbjørn Graff. The Case for a Treaty on Marine Plastic Pollution. Norway: Norwegian Academy of International Law, 2018.

Mouat, John, Rebeca Lopez Lozano, and Hannah Bateson. Economic Impacts of Marine Litter. Denmark: Kommunernes Internationale Miljøorganisation, 2010.

Books Section

Borongan, Guilberto. “Managing Packaging Waste in the ASEAN Region from Linear to Circular Packaging.” In Circular Economy Briefing Series, 3. Bonn, Eschborn: Bonn:Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, 2018.

Chen, Chung-Ling. “Regulation and Management of Marine Litter.” In Marine Anthropogenic Litter, 1–447. Springer, Cham, 2015.


Carlini, Giulia, and Konstantin Kleine. “Advancing the International Regulation of Plastic Pollution beyond the United Nations Environment Assembly Resolution on Marine Litter and Microplastics.” Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law 27, no. 3 (2018): 234–244.

Chiba, Sanae, Hideaki Saito, Ruth Fletcher, Takayuki Yogi, Makino Kayo, Shin Miyagi, Moritaka Ogido, and Katsunori Fujikura. “Human Footprint in the Abyss: 30 Year Records of Deep-Sea Plastic Debris.” Marine Policy 96 (2018): 204–212.

Cordova, Muhammad Reza, and A’an J. Wahyudi. “Microplastic in the Deep-Sea Sediment of Southwestern Sumatran Waters.” Marine Research in Indonesia 41, no. 1 (2021): 27–35.

Goncalves, Luisa Cortat Simonetti, and Michael G. Faure. “International Law Instruments To Address The Plastic Soup.” SSRN Electronic Journal 43, no. 3 (2019).

Djaguna, Asshidiq, Wilmy E Pelle, Joshian N W Schaduw, W K Hermanto, Natalie D C Rumampuk, and Erwin L A Ngangi. “Identifikasi Sampah Laut Di Pantai Tongkaina Dan Talawaan Bajo.” Jurnal Pesisir Dan Laut Tropis 7, no. 3 (2019): 174–182.

Eriksen, Marcus, Laurent C.M. Lebreton, Henry S. Carson, Martin Thiel, Charles J. Moore, Jose C. Borerro, Francois Galgani, Peter G. Ryan, and Julia Reisser. “Plastic Pollution in the World’s Oceans: More than 5 Trillion Plastic Pieces Weighing over 250,000 Tons Afloat at Sea.” PLOS ONE 9, no. 12 (2014): 1–15.

Joyner, Christopher C, and Scot Frew. “Plastic Pollution in the Marine Environment.” Ocean Development & International Law 22, no. 1 (January 1, 1991): 33–69.

Löhr, Ansje, Heidi Savelli, Raoul Beunen, Marco Kalz, Ad Ragas, and Frank Van Belleghem. “Solutions for Global Marine Litter Pollution.” Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 28 (2017): 90–99.

Prasetiawan, Teddy. “Upaya Mengatasi Sampah Plastik Di Laut.” Bidang Kesejahteraan Sosial : Info Singkat: Kajian Singkat Terhadap Isu Aktual dan Strategis 10, no. 10 (2018): 13–18. Singkat-X-10-II-P3DI-Mei-2018-223.pdf.

Trouwborst, Arie. “Managing Marine Litter: Exploring the Evolving Role of International and European Law in Confronting a Persistent Environmental Problem.” Utrecht Journal of International and European Law 27, no. 73 (2011): 4.


Ambari, M. “Ancaman Sampah Plastik Untuk Ekosistem Laut Harus Segera Dihentikan, Bagaimana Caranya?” Mongabay Situs Berita Lingkungan. Last modified 2018. Accessed January 4, 2021.

Haswar, Andi Muhammad. “Wali Kota: Banjarmasin, Kota Pertama Di Asia Pasifik Yang Larang Kantong Plastik.” Kompas.Com. Last modified 2019. Accessed November 20, 2020.

“Target Nasional Tahun 2025 Pengurangan Sampah Harus 30 Persen.” Balikpapan. Last modified 2019. Accessed November 22, 2020.


Carpenter, Angela. “International Protection of the Marine Environment.” In The Marine Environment, edited by Adam D.Nemeth, 55. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011. file:///C:/Users/HP/Downloads/International_Protection_of_the_Marine_E.pdf.

Vikalista, Ellisa. “Implementasi Kebijakan Peraturan Walikota Banjarmasin Nomor 18 Tahun 2016 Tentang Pengurangan Penggunaan Kantong Plastik.” In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lingkungan Lahan Basah, 464–470. Banjarmasin: Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, 2018.


Tickell, Oliver. International Law and Marine Plastic Pollution - Holding Offenders Accountable. London, 2017.

Law and Legislation

United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) 1982

International Conventioan for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), 1973

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London Convention), 1972

Presidential Regulation No. 83 of 2018 Concerning Handling of Marine Plastic Waste

Mayoral Regulation No. 18 of 2018 concerning Reducing the use of plastic bags. Balikpapan City Regional News of 2019 Number 28.

Mayoral Regulation No 28 of 2019 Concerning Product Type / Disposable Plastic Packaging, Balikpapan City Regional News of 2019 Number 28.

Mayoral Regulation of Bogor no 61 of 2018 Concerning Reducing the use of plastic bags, Bogor City Regional News of 2018 Number 61 Series E.

Mayoral Regulation of Jambi No 54 of 2018 Concerning Household Waste Management.

Governor Regulation of Bali No 97 of 2018 Concerning the limitation of single-use plastic waste, Regional News of Bali Province No. 97 of 2018




  • There are currently no refbacks.


Lambung Mangkurat Law Journal has been indexed by:



Member Of 

Plagiarism Detection by

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.