Progressivism of Judges in Deciding Applications for Marriage Dispensation

Josua Navirio Pardede, Wigati Taberi Asih, Thogu Ahmad Siregar

Abstract


Regulation on the age limit for a marriage through Act No. 16 of 2019 is based on the spirit of anti-discrimination and protection of children's rights from the adverse effects of child marriage. However, the efforts to complicate and prevent child marriage has yet to have a significant impact on reducing the rate of child marriage in Indonesia. This condition is occurred by the high level of applications for marriage dispensation that are granted by the court. Hence, the construction of the judge's reasoning in observe the relationship between the substance of the law and the reasons for proposing marriage dispensation is one of the most vital and influential elements. The positivism-legism legal reasoning used in understanding of Act No.16 of 2019 is considered to be the cause of the malfunction of the regulation in protecting and guaranteeing children's human rights. By using doctrinal legal research methods, this research produces a conceptual analysis in the form of a meta-juridical critique on positivist legal reasoning which tends to lead to the legism when trying to understand the objectives of Act No. 16 of 2019 and proposes a progressive legal notion as an ideal reasoning framework in producing decisions on applications for dispensation of marriage that have a perspective on the protection and guarantee of children's rights.


Keywords


marriage dispensation; legal progressivism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Books

Algra, and Van Duyvendijk. Mula Hukum (terjemahan Rechtsaanvang oleh Simorangkir). Cetakan I. Bandung: Bina Cipta, 1983.

Coontz, Stephanie. Marriage, a History: From Obedience to Intimacy or How Love Conquered Marriage. New York: Viking Books, 2006.

Erwin, Muhammad. Filsafat Hukum: Refleksi Kritis terhadap Hukum dan Hukum Indonesia (Dalam Dimensi Ide dan Aplikasi). Jakarta: PT. RajaGrafindo Persada, 2016.

Hart, HLA The Concept of Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1961.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Membedah Hukum Progresif. Jakarta: Kompas, 2008.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Negara Hukum yang Membahagiakan Rakyatnya. Yogyakarta: Genta Press, 2008.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. Penegakan Hukum Progresif. Jakarta: Kompas, 2010.

Rahardjo, Satjipto. “Pidato Sambutan Seminar “Prospek Hukum Progresif Di Indonesia.” Semarang, 2009.

Safitri, Myma, Awaludin Marwan and Yance Arizona, eds. Satjipto Rahardjo dan Hukum Progresif: Urgensi dan Kritik. Jakarta: Epistema Institute. 2011.

Samekto, FX. Adji. Mendekonstruksi Adagium La Bouche De La Loi dalam Sistem Hukum Indonesia, dalam Mahrus Ali, Dimensi Filosofis: Ilmu Hukum & Politik Hukum Pidana (70 Tahun Artidjo Alkostar Mengabdi Kepada Bangsa & Negara). Depok: Rajawali Press, 2013.

Shidarta. Hukum Penalaran dan Penalaran Hukum: Akar Filosofis. Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing, 2013.

Shidarta. “Posisi Pemikiran Hukum Progresif Dalam Konfigurasi Aliran-Aliran Filsafat Hukum: Sebuah Diagnosis Awal.” Jakarta, 2010.

Sitabuana, Tundjung Herning. Berhukum di Indonesia. Jakarta: Konstitusi Press, 2017.

Shklar, Judith N. Legalism: Law, Morals, and Political Trials. Massacushetts: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Stoljar, Samuel. Moral and Legal Reasoning. London & Basingstoke: The Macmillan Press LTD, London & Basingstoke, 1980.

Syamsudin. Konstruksi Baru Budaya Hukum Hakim: Berbasis Hukum Progresif. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2012.

Ufran, eds. Hukum Progresif: Sebuah Sintesa Hukum Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Genta Publishing, 2009.

Wignjosoebroto, Soetandyo. Hukum: Paradigma, Metode dan Dinamika Masalahnya. Jakarta: Lembaga Studi dan Advokasi Masyarakat (ELSAM) dan Perkumpulan untuk Pembaruan Hukum Berbasis Masyarakat dan Ekologi (HUMA), 2002.

Journal

Prabowo, Bagya Agung. “Pertimbangan Hakim dalam Penetapan Dispensasi Perkawinan Dini Akibat Hamil di Luar Nikah pada Pengadilan Agama Bantul.” Jurnal Hukum IUS QUIA IUSTUM 20, no. 2 (2013): 306. https://journal.uii.ac.id/IUSTUM/article/view/4522.

Baiquni, M. “Revolusi Industri, Ledakan Penduduk dan Masalah Lingkungan.” Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Lingkungan 1, no.1 (2009): 44-46. https://journal.uii.ac.id/JSTL/article/view/3568/3158.

Ilma, Mughniatul. “Regulasi Dispensasi Dalam Penguatan Aturan Batas Usia Kawin Bagi Anak Pasca Lahirnya UU No. 16 Tahun 2019.” Al-Manhaj: Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial Islam 2, no.2 (2020): 147. https://ejournal.insuriponorogo.ac.id/index.php/almanhaj/article/view/478.

Sarmadi, A. Sukris. “Membebaskan Positivisme Hukum Ke Ranah Hukum Progresif (Studi Pembacaan Teks Hukum Bagi Penegak Hukum).” Jurnal Dinamika Hukum 12, no.2 (2012): 331. http://dinamikahukum.fh.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/JDH/article/view/58/24.

Hidayatullah, Syeh Sarip and Nurul Huda. “Praktek Hukum Acara Dispensasi Kawin.” Asas: The Scientific Journal of Politics, Law, Syari'ah Economic Law and Islamic Culture, 12, no.1 (2020): 167. http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/asas/article/view/7133

West, Robin. “Reconsidering Legalism.” Minnesota Law Review 88, (2003): 119-121. https://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1274&context=facpub.

Internet

“Angka Pernikahan Anak di Jateng Naik Jadi 8.338 Kasus.” Kompas. last modified 2020. Accessed December 18, 2020. https://regional.kompas.com/read/2020/11/21/17464361/angka-pernikahan-anak-di-jateng-naik-jadi-8338-kasus?page=all.

“Child Marriage.” United Nation Children’s Fund, last modified 2020. Accessed November 20, 2020. https://data.unicef.org/topic/child-protection/child-marriage/.

“Pencegahan Perkawinan Anak: Percepatan yang Tidak Bisa Ditunda.” Puskapa – Center on Child Protection and Wellbeing at Universitas Indonesia. last modified 2020. Accessed November 24, 2020. https://www.unicef.org/indonesia/media/2851/file/Child-Marriage-Report-2020.pdf.

“Dampak Sosial Pandemi Corona, Pernikahan Gadis di Bawah Umur di Asia Meningkat.” DW.com. Accessed November 24, 2020. https://www.dw.com/id/pandemi-corona-memaksa-gadis-di-asia-menikah-di-bawah-umur/a-54780124.

Satria, Rio. “Dispensasi Kawin Di Pengadilan Agama Pasca Revisi Undang-Undang Perkawinan.” Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia: Direktorat Jenderal Badan Peradilan Agama. Last modified 2019. Accessed November 24, 2020. https://badilag.mahkamahagung.go.id/artikel/publikasi/artikel/dispensasi-kawin-di-pengadilan-agama-pasca-revisi-undang-undang-perkawinan-oleh-rio-satria-16-10.

Baihaqi. “Hingga September 2020, Ada 176 Pasangan Di Semarang Ajukan Dispensasi Kawin.” JatengToday.Com. Last modified 2020. Accessed December 18, 2020. https://jatengtoday.com/hingga-september-2020-ada-176-pasangan-di-semarang-ajukan-dispensasi-kawin-63283.

WR, Andi Muhammad Ikhsan. “Hingga Oktober 2020, Permohonan Dispensasi Nikah Di Pengadilan Agama Maros Capai 203 Kasus.” TribunMaros. Last modified 2020. Accessed November 24, 2020. https://makassar.tribunnews.com/2020/11/04/hingga-oktober-2020-permohonan-dispensasi-nikah-di-pengadilan-agama-maros-capai-203-kasus.

Prihantoro, Anom. “KPAI: Dispensasi Usia Perkawinan Masih Disalahgunakan.” AntaraKaltara. Last modified 2019. Accessed November 24, 2020. https://kaltara.antaranews.com/nasional/berita/808600/kpai-dispensasi-usia-perkawinan-masih-disalahgunakan?utm_source=antaranews&utm_medium=nasional&utm_campaign=antaranews.

“Permohonan Dispensasi kawin Anak di Loteng Meningkat 300 Persen.” RadarLombok. last modified 2020. Accessed November, 24, 2020. https://radarlombok.co.id/permohonan-dispensasi-perkawinan-meningkat-300-persen.html.

“Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia (Indonesia Population Projection) 2010-2035.” Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional Badan Pusat Statistik, Last modified 2013. Accessed November 20, 2020. https://www.bappenas.go.id/files/5413/9148/4109/Proyeksi_Penduduk_Indonesia_2010-2035.pdf.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32801/lamlaj.v6i1.208

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.32801/lamlaj.v6i1.208.g226

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 

Lambung Mangkurat Law Journal has been indexed by:

               

 

Member Of 

Plagiarism Detection by

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

<img